Beijing Tourists Sites and the Great Wall of China
Beijing is a popular tourist location within the People’s Republic of China. The city is enriched with historical, educational and cultural sites that attract tourists from all over the world. Its unique culture is why the city was chosen as a site for the 2008 Olympic Games. The Great Wall of China, Imperial Palace of Beijing, the Forbidden City, Tiananmen Square and numerous other attractions await the tourists of the world.
The Great Wall of China
Recognized by the UNESCO World Heritage Directory as one of the Eight Wonders of the World, the Badaling Great Wall was constructed in 1502 during the Ming Dynasty. Badaling represents the portion of the Great Wall of China closest to Beijing City and spans 3,741 meters or 2.3 miles and is the most well-preserved section of the wall. The structure served as military fortification and deterrence to intruders who considered invading the land. The Great Wall also retained its residents. This expansive structure consists of a granite slab exterior, numerous watchtowers and two story castles every 400 meters. Numerous laborers and incredible architectural prowess were required to complete this incredible structure. The Badaling Great Wall represents one of the most famous sections of the Great Wall of China.
The Juyongguan Great Wall near Beijing is marked by towers, passes and city wall platforms. This portion of the Great Wall is located approximately 60 kilometers or 37.3 miles from downtown Beijing in Yanqing County. Approximately 50 miles from Beijing City, visitors will find the Juyongguan Pass.
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Beijing is known for the famous Tiananmen Square. Within the center of Beijing City, China are two monuments honoring historical Chinese figures. The Monument to the People’s Heroes and the Mausoleum of Mao Zedong are strategically located on 122 acres of land within city’s center. Approximately, 500,000 people can comfortably stand on this area. Tourists of the area visit the 125 foot high Monument to the People’s Heroes and the Memorial for fact finding and to learn more about the historical aspects of the Beijing, China.
The Forbidden City
One of the most visited tourist attractions in Beijing is the Forbidden City. After being recognized by UNESCO World Heritage Site as one of the “Most Important Monuments in the World,” travelers increased visitation to the area to view this architectural wonder. The Chinese Imperial Palace was the home to 24 of the most notable emperors in history. The Forbidden City marks the location of the Palace and now serves as a historical and educational museum for the public. The Palace Museum displays the magnificent architecture, the Palace treasures and discusses the historical lifestyles of Imperial families ranging from the Ming Dynasty to the Qing Dynasty. Visitors of the Forbidden City learn to distinguish fact from fable after listening to the remarkable stories of these historical times. the forbidden city china
Temple of Heaven
Although this attraction is not recognized by UNESCO World Heritage Directory, the Temple of Heaven has become one of the most famous tourist attractions in Beijing. Constructed from 1406 to 1420, this ancient monument was the site where Ming and Qing Dynasty emperors would offer sacrifices to heaven. During the sacrifices, the emperors would pray for good harvests. The site is expansive and covers an area three times the size of the Forbidden City. Visitors marvel at over 273 hectares of expansive land that preserves the historical reign of the Yongle Emperor. While on the premises, visitors compare each shared historical fact with the ancient evidence that remains.
The Temple of Heaven possesses a unique design that reflects ancient Chinese theory. Most of the ancient Chinese philosophers believed that Heaven was round and the Earth was square. Since Heaven was believed to be more important than Earth, the part of the temple that represents Heaven was built on a higher elevation and possesses a semicircular shape. The part of the temple that represents Earth is built on a lower elevation and is square in shape. The Temple of Heaven is enclosed by a wall for protection and to signify its importance.