A popular fact:
Laolongtou Great Wall, Old Dragon's Head
A beautifully engineered Great Wall of China--the Laolongtou Great Wall. This wall also known as Old Dragon’s Head because it stretches into the Bohai Sea by 66 feet, making it look like a dragon taking a sip of water. This second, less well-known Great Wall of China, is close to Shanhaiguan Pass, 3 miles south of it. It is located in Hebei Province, in the city of Qinhuangdao, and was built during the Ming Dynasty, which flourished from 1368 to 1644.
Destroyed and Rebuilt
Laolongtou Great Wall survived for centuries, but when the Shanhaiguan Pass was invaded by the Eight Power Allied Force in 1900, it was almost destroyed. Then 84 years later, the people in the city of Shanhaiguan restored it. Today, this great wall, has got six main aspects: Ninghai City, Nanhaokou Pass, Jinglu Beacon Tower, the Estuary Stone City, the Nereus Temple, and the Chenghai Pavilion. It is well worth visiting each one.
This was built during the Ming Dynasty and consists of two city gates, a northern and western one, with watchtowers that overlook the South China Sea.
This prat of the wall, was built during the Ming Dynasty, It guarded the Southern Estuary.
The Jinglu Beacon Tower
This tower stands 49 feet tall, and it contains 3 rooms with 6 doors and 9 windows. It forms part of the defense system in conjunction with Nanhaikou Pass and Chenghai Pavilion. It was almost rebuilt.
The Estuary Stone City
Qi Jiguang, a renowned general during the Ming Dynasty, built this section, and it is 30 feet high, 26 feet wide and 72 feet long, with much of the length extending into the sea. An interesting fact is that you can walk to the edge of the wall and look directly into the water below. The foundation is a combination of huge rocks dropped into the sea and a natural reef.
The Nereus Temple
In 1988, this was reconstructed. It is 0.2 miles from Laolongtou. Nereus was a Goddess of Heaven, and sculptures of her, as well as, the Door Gods and the Eight Immortals can be found in the temple. There is an inscribed plaque on the door by Qianlong, a Qing Dynasty Emperor. The temple consists of the Hall of the Goddess of Heaven and the Nereus Hall. There is also the Drum Tower and a trestle bridge. The temple has numerous archways that add to the elegance of the design.
The Chenghai Pavilion.
This two-story brick-and-wood structure was built during the Qing Dynasty by the emperors. The dynasty flourished from 1644 to 1911. Emperors like Qianlong, Yongzheng, and Kangxi left plaques when they visited Shenyang City (which was called Mukden back then). There are also poems created by important literary men, and these are engraved on tablets and inserted into the walls. Another interesting fact is that Emperor Qianling, a literary figure in his own right, graced the hall's columns with couplets.
Tours from Beijing
If you’re visiting Beijing, you can find many Beijing tour companies take visitors to tour Laolongtou Great Wall of China, as well as, the Temple of Heaven, the Forbidden City, and other great historical artifacts of ancient China.
Related articles: Great Wall of China tours.