The Terra cotta warriors
Terracotta warriors Overview
Related article: The Qin Dynasty.
For those who travel, having a chance to see the terracotta warriors is a once in a lifetime opportunity. The terracotta soldiers are one of the most popular tourist attractions in China. They are less than a mile to the east of the Tomb of Qin. With three sections that cover nearly six acres.
The Army of TerraCotta Warriors has 9000 statues that occupy the massive mausoleum. Interestingly enough, the terracotta soldiers were discovered nearly 2,000 years after they had been created. It is estimated that it took 700,000 laborers almost 40 years to finish. The terra cotta warriors come equipped with weaponry and horses. This is a testament to the detail the laborers used when they were crafting these statues. It is said that nearly every soldier has different facial expressions.
The terracotta warriors were discovered in a marvelous way. Villagers in 1974 found broken pottery as they were drilling in Lintong County, located in Shaanxi. Because of its close proximity to the Mausoleum of the First Qin Emperor, they brought it to archaeologists who discovered three massive pits with the terracotta warriors inside.
When where and how were they made.
When and where were they made?
The terracotta warriors were created in the year 210 BC. The warriors were created for China's first emperor, Qin Shi Huang, and depicted his powerful army. They were buried with the emperor when he died and were rediscovered in 1974 by a group of Chinese farmers.
The terracotta warriors history dates back to Qin Shi Huang's rule, which began in 250 BC. During his rule, Qin Shi Huang created a powerful army that was immortalized in the terracotta sculptures. The sculptures were a type of funerary art, or art that is included as part of an individual's burial. Qin Shi Huang was buried in a massive mausoleum with almost 10,000 sculptures, including more than 8,000 soldiers and over 500 horses.
The warriors themselves were contained in four pits surrounding Qin Shi Huang's tomb in xian. Three pits contain the warriors in order of rank, but the fourth pit is seemingly empty. The tomb itself remains closed and intact, as archaeologists do not want to damage the sacred area. The terracotta warriors were meant to serve Qin Shi Huang in the afterlife, enabling him to rule after death.
How were they made?
The terracotta warriors were constructed by government enlisted laborers and by skilled craftsmen of the time. Evidence shows that they were manufactured in an assembly line manner, with body parts being made separately.
The warriors faces were constructed out of eight different facial molds, and clay features were added to give each warrior a unique appearance. The warriors were all equipped with actual weapons and armor, giving them a highly realistic appearance. Unfortunately, the terracotta warriors history included many robberies, and much of this weaponry is no longer intact.
The terracotta warriors remain one of the most significant archaeological findings in recent history. The warriors represent a significant historical and cultural manifestation, and embody a rich social history.
Terracotta warriors Location
The terra cotta warriors are located in Lintong County, which happens to lay east Xi'an. Visitors of Xi'an and even Beijing will travel to this incredibly large mausoleum from ancient China. Nearly one mile to the east of the Mausoleum of Emperor Qin Shi Huang visitors will find three separate vaults of terra cotta warriors. While the Mausoleum of Emperor Qin Shi Huang is one third of a mile long, the actual area where the terra cotta soldiers occupy covers nearly 200,000 square feet.
The First Vault
The first pit is shaped like a rectangle, measuring 250 yards long, 70 yards across, and 6 yards deep. That makes for an area of nearly 4 acres. The western and eastern ends are characterized by having many ramps with beams covering each of the walls. As for the actual warriors, they are lined up like an actual army would have been lined up in ancient China. This formation contains 6,000 warriors and horses in its vault. Most are from the infantry armies, making it stunning to see these ancient statues because you feel like you're back in ancient China.
The Second Vault
The second pit is located yards north of the first vault. It covers an incredible array, nearly one and a half acres, and in it are four army divisions. In this vault there are nearly one thousand pieces of pottery and 500 infantry units and horses. Perhaps the most striking aspect of this vault is that each army, though different, actually works together. Their formation allows them to strike the enemy quickly but also be far enough apart so that they can defend themselves.
The Third Vault
This vault is located yards west of the second pit. It coves an area that is smaller than the other two vaults. There are only four horses, a car, and 70 or so pieces of pottery in this pit. Unlike the other vaults, these terra cotta warriors are not fighters. Instead, they were equipped with weapons made of copper but contained no blades. Animal residues were also found in this vault, making it seem as if fortunetellers who led pre-war ceremonies for prayer were supposed to be here.
Terra Cotta Warriors: Legacy
The legacy of the terracotta soldiers resonates through China. Thousands of people visit these vaults every year to pay homage to the incredible artistry that nearly 700,000 laborers employed when building these beautiful works of art. This mausoleum is a one of a kind piece of artwork that everyone should travel and see.
Terracotta warriors facts